Blaundus Ancient City
The province of Uşak and its surroundings have had strategic importance throughout the ages since they are located on the route connecting the Aegean Region to Anatolia. Within its borders, this multicultural geography contains archaeological values, and the ancient city of Blaundus is one of them. The ancient city is located 18 miles south of Uşak. Blaundus is located between Phrygia and Lydia regions. Therefore, it has been influenced and developed by different cultures.
It is the ancient city that attracts the most visitors because it is located in the Ulubey Canyon, which is a natural wonder with the largest tourism potential of Uşak. Ulubey Canyon is the second largest canyon in the world after the Grand Canyon in Arizona in the USA. The city, built on the hill and its slopes, in the shape of a peninsula surrounded on three sides by a deep canyon, has a natural defense system with this location. The ruins of the city are spread over 820-520m wide on the surface.
Based on the inscription that reads "Macedonian Blaundos" uncovered near Blaundus, it is thought that the city was established in the last quarter of the 4th century BC or the first quarter of the 3rd century BC. Although the information about the foundation of the city and its historical process before the Roman period is not sufficient, the ruins preserved until today show that the city's history goes back to the Hellenistic period, at least.
Blaundos was included in the Kingdom of Pergamon with the peace of Apameia in 188 BC. From 133 BC, it entered a new era with the domination of Rome over all Anatolia. As understood from the finds and inscriptions, the city likely lived its most brilliant period in the 1st century AD. However, it was damaged by the earthquake that occurred in the '60s. After the year 396 AD, the obligatory city walls were built against external threats with Arcadius's law.
Located on a peninsula surrounded by deep valleys, the city's important buildings include a castle, temples, theater, stadium, and rock tombs. Some ruins of the city have survived until today. The entrance gate arch of the northern walls built in the Hellenistic period, mint sections, administrative buildings, some parts of the walls, and Ionic temple located in the middle of the city and the temple of the Roman Emperor Claudius, the stadium with seating levels on only one side can be given as examples. The theater building was built on the slope outside the city walls. The stage of the theater is destroyed. Some of the rows of seats remained intact.
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