Suleymaniye Mosque, which Architect Sinan defined as his journeyman work, was built between 1551-1558 by the Ottoman sultan Suleyman the Magnificent. Suleymaniye Mosque is one of the most important examples of Classical Ottoman Architecture. The dome of the mosque, which has four minarets, is 53 meters high. It is rumored that the first stone of the temple, which was started to be built in one of the most beautiful places of Istanbul, was laid by the great scholar Sheikh al-Islam Ebussuud.
The shrine has one main dome, two semi-domes and two-quarter domes, and ten small domes. The main dome on four elephant feet; dome arches rest on four large granite columns. The dome with 32 windows is 27.25 meters in diameter and 53 meters above the ground. 64 cubes of 50 cm length are placed inside the dome and in the corners, with an open mouth inside to reinforce the sound's opposite, thus creating a sensitive acoustic. The mosque, which has an interior area of approximately 3,500 square meters, is 59 meters long and 58 meters wide and receives light from 238 windows. The sultan's loge, based on granite and marble columns, draws attention to its minbar and mihrab craft. The section surrounded by metal networks to the right of the muezzin chamber was used as a library until 1918; Existing books were transferred to the Public Library established in Süleymaniye Madrasahs date.
In front of the mosque, which has five doors, there are colored windows above the mihrab. The windows, which are the work of Master Ibrahim, the well-known master of the era, liken the sunlight entering through their windows to The Wings of Gabriel. There are four very precious granite columns in the mosque, and they were brought to the mosque from Alexandria, Baalbek, Kıztaşı, and Saray-ı Amire in Istanbul. Mimar Sinan compares these four columns, each of which is 9.02 meters high, 1.14 meters in diameter, and 40-50 tons, to the Four Caliphs. The temple floor is paved with marble and has a large inner courtyard with three doors surrounded by 28 domed porches. The aforementioned dome arches are based on 24 columns; 12 are granite, 10 of them are marble, and two are porphyry marble columns.
The mosque has four minarets in a built-in style suitable for its magnificence. The minarets called "Mosque minarets" and "Harem Minarets" indicate that Kanuni became the fourth sultan with Istanbul's conquest. The minarets rising towards the sky resemble a person praying by raising both hands. The mosque's scriptures are the work of the famous calligrapher Ahmet Karahisarî and his student Hasan Çelebi. Later, Kazasker Mustafa Efendi added some articles. Except for a few of the texts, the texts of all the texts were taken from the Quran, and they were skillfully processed. The inscription written on the door that enters the mosque from the inner courtyard is divided into the right-middle-left. In the first chapter, the qualities of Kanuni are counted; in the second chapter, his lineage is specified in succession, in the third chapter, the continuation of the sultanate and the spirits of the past after prayer, the superior qualities of the temple are stated with what intention and when. The tomb in front of the mihrab belongs to Suleiman the Magnificent, who built a mosque with his own money, and the tomb next to him belongs to Hürrem Sultan.
The mosque garden, which has an area of approximately 6 thousand square meters, has 11 doors. Around the garden, seven madrasahs, five of which are at the high school level, one of which is at the faculty, and one of the specialization departments, famous as Süleymaniye Madrasas, was established. While the buildings on the mosque's right side were Evvel and Sani madrasas and Sibyan School, they were later transformed into Süleymaniye Library. Some of them became children's libraries. The medical madrasa on the corner serves as the maternity home, while the mental hospital opposite it is the military printing house and now serves as a girls' Qur'an course. The buildings on the northern side of the mosque were formerly an almshouse, later used as a Turkish-Islamic Arts museum and transferred to the Süleymaniye Library in 1984.
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