Trabzon, which was founded by Greek colonists from Sinop in the 9th century BC, is mentioned in the inscriptions of important names in history such as Homer, Herodotus and Hesiod. Trabzon is also known for being the birthplace of the great Ottoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. This is one of the most beautiful cities of the Black Sea Region. It is considered the pearl of the Black Sea, especially with Uzungöl and Sümela Monastery.
The city, which was the important center of Rome and Byzantium, served as the capital of the Trebizond (Trabzon) Empire between 1204-1461. When it was taken to the borders of the Ottoman state by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in 1461, people of different cultures and Turks living here lived together for many years. The city, which has a history of 4,000 years, has also become the port city of the Silk Road Trade Center.
Ataturk Mansion Museum
Atatürk Mansion Museum was built in 1890 as the summer residence of Ottoman citizen Konstantin Kabayanidis. The building, which was transferred to the treasury after the exchange, was visited and admired by Atatürk during his visit to Trabzon on September 15, 1924. Thereupon, Trabzon Provincial Permanent Committee assigned the mansion in the name of Atatürk as a gift from the people of Trabzon. Atatürk, who stayed here for 3 nights during his last visit to Trabzon in 1937, made the decision to donate his property to his nation in this mansion. The mansion, which was transferred to his sister Makbule Hanım after Atatürk's death, was bought by Trabzon Municipality from Makbule Hanım in 1943 and arranged as Atatürk Museum.
The Hagia Sophia Museum was built between 1250 and 1260 by King Manuel I, who fled after Constantinople was occupied by the Latin Crusaders and founded the Trabzon Empire in 1204 in Trabzon.
Uzungol is 100 km away from Trabzon city center, at an altitude of 1,250 m above sea level. Located in the middle of the valley and formed by the rocks falling from the slopes blocking the Haldizen Stream, the lake is a natural wonder.
One of the most important places to visit here is Sümela Monastery in Maçka district. The district of Maçka became a place of escape for Christians fleeing oppression and persecution in the 19th century. Christians built the Sumela Monastery by carving the rocks.
The Sumela Monastery is known as the Virgin Mary among the people. Founded in 395 by the Athenian Barnabas and his nephew Sophronos, the monastery became the mainstay of the Orthodox world in the 16th century. The monastery, which was turned into a headquarters by the Greeks who wanted to establish a Pontus state in the region after the First World War, remained in ruins for more than 80 years and was later restored. Since 2010, Greek Orthodox have been performing rites once a year on the day of the ascension of the Virgin Mary. For this reason, the monastery is an important religious tourism center today. The natural beauty of Altındere National Park in the region undoubtedly contributes to the increase of visitors here. Sumela Monastery is on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List.
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