Dolmabahce Palace adds dignity to the city as one of the Ottoman Empire's last signatures, which designed its palaces with Western architecture in its last period. A trip to Dolmabahce Palace, allowing organizations to learn a lot of information about the late Ottoman and modern Turkey. What should be known about this magnificent palace built in one of the city's central points?
First of all, Dolmabahce Palace has certain visiting hours and entrance fees. Apart from this, it is necessary to have information about this palace, one of the important symbols of Istanbul, because the palace's content is very comprehensive. After entering the palace, this is necessary to experience a full history adventure.
Dolmabahce Palace is located on the seaside of Visnezade District in Besiktas district of Istanbul. Dolmabahce Palace, built on the European side of the city, is located on the Besiktas coastal road.
Dolmabahce Palace was built by the thirty-first Ottoman sultan, Sultan Abdulmecid. Dolmabahçe Palace, designed with a Western understanding by the Ottoman aim of modernization, was opened on June 7, 1856. The construction of this magnificent palace, which started on June 13, 1843, took 13 years.
Dolmabahce Palace was built by Garabet Amira Balyan and his son Nikogos Balyan. This palace was built based on western architecture; It was used to manage state affairs during Abdulmecid, Abdulaziz, V Murad, II Abdulhamid, V Mehmed Resad, VI Mehmed (Vahdeddin). Mustafa Kemal Ataturk also passed away in his bedroom after spending his last years in this palace.
The magnificent palace, which is used as the Museum of Palace Collections today, brings together history buffs in Istanbul. Many valuable artifacts can be seen here. If you are curious about the last periods of the Ottoman Empire, you should definitely discover the mysteries of Dolmabahce Palace!
Features of Dolmabahce Palace
The palace, whose interior was designed with symmetrical understanding, differs from the old Ottoman structures. The early and classical Ottoman architecture period, which was dominated by the Eastern understanding, changed after the 18th century and turned towards the Western understanding. Dolmabahce Palace, as one of the most important examples of this period and this understanding, rises against the Bosphorus on one of the most beautiful coasts of Istanbul.
The most important feature of the Ottoman Palace in Besiktas district is that it reflects the Empire's legendary richness. You will understand this when you are caught in the sparkle of gold, silver diamonds, diamonds, and crystal items in the palace. This palace, which reflects the majesty of the Ottomans in every room, also damaged the Ottoman economy due to its huge cost. Sultan Vahdettin also sailed from this palace while the Ottoman Empire collapsed and set out for England.
Technical Information of the Palace
- The palace, which has 110,000 m2, is located on a total area of 250,000 m2. The palace, which has a width of 600 meters along the quay, is literally a gigantic structure with 43 halls and 285 rooms.
- The palace has a three-story symmetrical plan. Since there is an attic in the section extending towards the land side, it turns into a four-floor building.
- Dolmabahçe Palace basically consists of 3 sections: Harem-i Hümayun, Selamlık (Mâbeyn-i Hümayun) and Ceremonial Hall (Muâyede Hall).
- Surrounded by 56 columns, the reception room fascinates visitors with a 4.5-ton chandelier hanging from the ceiling. With its 36-meter-high dome, the reception room is among the largest in the world in this respect.
- The palace's foundation and outer walls are made of solid stone, while the ceiling and roof are made of wood.
- The carved alabaster marbles used in the harem section consisting of six baths are definitely eye-catching for the enthusiasts.
- While the furniture used in the palace was designed to understand Western culture, objects and carpets from Eastern culture were also used in many parts of the palace.
- The architecture of Dolmabahçe Palace was designed based on eclecticism. This means that the best-accepted features from different architectural styles are taken and used.
- To diversify the sections inside the palace: Selamlik, harem, Clock Museum, Glass Pavilion and Painting Museum, garden, medhal hall, vizier room, stairs, temple hall, ambassador and translator rooms, zülvecheyn, library, blue hall, pink hall, examination hall and The reception room, the sections that can be visited within the palace. There is also a room for Atatürk in the palace.
- In the palace's collection, works such as the piano gifted by Napoleon, the paintings of Ivan Ayvazovsky, the two gray bearskins gifted by the Russian Tsar, and the Hereke carpet of 124 m2 can be seen.
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